About Samara city
Samara city is located on the Southeast part of the European Russia, on the eastern bank of the Volga River. Samara is a busy communication hub, and an important center for the aerospace, automobile, chemical, and energy industries. Samara (Сама́ра), called Kuybyshev (Ку́йбышев) from 1935 to 1990, is one of the largest cities in Russia. Its population is 1,169,000 people. Samara is an administrative center of Samara Region. The city was founded in 1586 as a fortress. Now it is an important political, industrial and cultural center of Russia. The climate is continental, with hot summers and cold winters.
During World War II, Kuibyshev functioned as an alternative capital of the USSR until the summer of 1943. All foreign embassies were evacuated to the city. A special shelter was built for the USSR leader Stalin, but he never visited it. Today it is a museum called Stalin’s Bunker. Kuibyshev played a major role in arming the country. The famous military parade of November 7, 1941 was held on the central square of the city. After the war, Kuibyshev used to be one of the main defence industry centers in USSR. Thus, the city was closed for foreign visitors. In January 1991, the historical name of Samara was given back to the city and in 2007, the Asteroid 26922 was named Samara in honour of the city. Since the end of the World War Two, Samara became one of the most important industrial centers in Russia.
Samara is known for the production of aerospace launch vehicles, satellites, aircraft, various engines, and chemical products. Samara chocolates, Rodnik vodka, and Zhiguli beer are very popular in Russia. You may find in the Samara region several of the top Russian aerospace industries (Progress for the spatial launchers, and Aviakor for civil plane), gas exploiter (Rosneft) and one of the largest car plant in the world Avtovaz. Also you can find in the region of Samara a lot of multinational companies’ offices and industrial installations such as Bosch, Schneider Electric, Coca Cola, Pepsi, Alcoa, Nestlé, General Motors, Renault-Nissan
Samara University is one of the most dynamically-developing Russian institutions of higher education. In recent years, the university has been systematically improving its indicators in the Russian and international rankings. For many years, Samara University has been inextricably linked to the overall industrial and economic development of the region, which is one of the leading domestic and global centers of aerospace technologies
Today, Samara is the burgeoning home to all manner of cutting-edge space equipment. And not just for Russia, but also for Western European countries and the USA. This equipment includes rocket propulsion systems, Earth-orbiting satellites and, of course, the most reliable family of booster rockets in the history of space exploration - the Soyuz. In the second decade of the twenty-first century, the Soyuz has emerged as the only way to send relief crews to the International Space Station
In 2018, Samara was one of the host cities for the FIFA World Cup. A brand-new stadium was built expressly for this purpose. Its design reflects the cosmic ambitions of the city and inhabitants. In the environs surrounding the stadium, the new campus of Samara University will be built - the modern technopolis Gagarin Center. It will boast all of the conditions required for the development of science-intensive technologies and various academic research schools
The Samara region is located in the south-eastern part of the European territory of Russia at the mid-stream of the Volga, the largest river in the Europe. Steppe landscapes in the south are replaced to the north with a territory of forest-steppe and mixed woods. As you already know, Samara is located in a rich and natural region. Thanks to the Volga River, and the general hygrometry, the region is very green too. The large industrial centers adjoin to the primeval open space of the Volga steppes gather a unique network of protected natural territories. The bases of this protected area are the following: Sprygin Zhigulevskiy National natural reserve, National Park “Samarskaya Luka” and the “Buzulukskiy pine forest” national park. In 2006 the “Samarskaya Luka” (Samara river bend) National park and a number of adjacent territories were declared as the Middle Volga complex biosphere reserve of UNESCO
Samara is a multidenominational city of many faiths. It is home to Russian Orthodox, Catholic and Anglican churches, the Armenian Apostolic Church, mosques, a synagogue and other religious institutions and centers